Here, we report the use of biologically derived organic electrodes composed of melanin pigments for use in energy storage devices. Melanins of natural (derived from Sepia officinalis) and synthetic origin are evaluated as anode materials in aqueous sodium-ion storage devices. Na+-loaded melanin anodes exhibit specific capacities of 30.4 ± 1.6 mAhg−1. Full cells composed of natural melanin anodes and λ-MnO2 cathodes exhibit an initial potential of 1.03 ± 0.06 V with a maximum specific capacity of 16.1 ± 0.8 mAhg−1. Natural melanin anodes exhibit higher specific capacities compared with synthetic melanins due to a combination of beneficial chemical, electrical, and physical properties exhibited by the former. Taken together, these results suggest that melanin pigments may serve as a naturally occurring biologically derived charge storage material to power certain types of medical devices.
Melanin i/ˈmɛlənɪn/ (Greek: μέλας, black) is a pigment that is ubiquitous in nature, being found in most organisms (spiders are one of the few groups in which it has not been detected). In animals melanin pigments are derivatives of the amino acid tyrosine. The most common form of biological melanin is eumelanin, a brown-black polymer of dihydroxyindole carboxylic acids, and their reduced forms. All melanins can be considered as derivatives of polyacetylene, since they rely on a polyconiugate structure. Another common form of melanin is pheomelanin, a red-brown polymer of benzothiazine units largely responsible for red hair and freckles. The presence of melanin in the archaea and bacteria kingdoms is an issue of ongoing debate among researchers in the field.
The increased production of melanin in human skin is called melanogenesis. Production of melanin is stimulated by DNA damage induced by UVB-radiation, and it leads to a delayed development of a tan. This melanogenesis-based tan takes more time to develop, but it is long-lasting.
The photochemical properties of melanin make it an excellent photoprotectant. It absorbs harmful UV-radiation (ultraviolet) and transforms the energy into harmless heat through a process called "ultrafast internal conversion". This property enables melanin to dissipate more than 99.9% of the absorbed UV radiation as heat (see photoprotection). This prevents the indirect DNA damage that is responsible for the formation of malignant melanoma and other skin cancers.
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Using melanin in semiconductors could open up the possibility of bioelectronics that are able to connect directly with human bodies.
Melanin is the pigment that occurs naturally in the human body, and a team of scientists at the University of Queensland believes its properties could bridge the gap between conventional electronics and our own biological systems.
Labs across the world are trying to work out how to create electronics which can interface with human tissue. The effects of this could revolutionise medicine, and would certainly appeal to anyone with even a passing interest in science fiction.
The team says that organic semiconductors - a relatively new method of production using molecules such as carbon and hydrogen - could hold the key.
Well you found your melanin connection, interesting that they found the dark image on the Shroud of Turin to be melanin too. After he rose he warned the disciples not to touch him because he had not went to heaven, if I remember corrected. Melanin holds and or rids us of toxins too, I believe. Serine is something I am about to look into bc of connective tissue disorders.
Miss you guys, not been to great this past year but still here.
Last Edit: Jul 24, 2014 19:24:35 GMT -5 by lilsissy
So glad to hear from you. I found this melanin loaded black yeast that may have some significance.I believe it was used for Application technology for some purpose. I am looking for what may steal the melanin or use our melanin as a base for the root of Morgellons.
In this microbiological garden, I am finding a "magic sphere" that is made of some bacteria, this the same that Freeman in biocode.info may be looking for: Archaean. However the wide piece seen in the lesions could be the cyanobacteria, which is filamentous, mixed with algae and a diatom (shards).
If the 3 kingdoms (Woese) are to unite, then the fungi(eukaryote) is there in the filamentous forming cyanobacteria, but this is not the bacteria, there is a magical one, either magnetic, sulfolobus, or archaean.
click on this and watch the movement and the ring it forms. this ring forms around our lesions, in my estimation. Once we remove the ring, the lesions start to heal, and they often look like the "snake eating its tail". curiously.
Interestingly, they mention how "they dance like midges". Could midges be the vector of this 3 kingdom engineered product?
" Young microbial sphere. Click on the picture to watch swarming of the bacteria for 3 seconds (AVI File, 70 kB) Within the sphere the bacteria swarm. They dance like midges in the evening sun. "
Magic Microbial Spheres A culture medium for cyanobacteria and algae does not need any organic ingredients. These organisms can carry out photosynthesis and thus produce organic substances. If such a medium is inoculated with a subsample from a microbial mat in tidal flats, bacteria that feed on excretion products of algae and cyanobacteria will develop, too. Often one finds obligate symbioses: Algae and cyanobacteria grow only in the presence of the bacteria. The reasons for this dependence are largely unknown.
Here we report on magic spheres, which are formed by bacteria and irresistably attract cyanobacteria and diatoms.
Bacterial cellulose (BC) hydrated membranes present nanometric reticulated structure that can be used as a template in the preparation of new organic–inorganic hybrids. BC–silica hybrids were prepared from BC membranes and tetraethoxysilane, (TEOS) at neutral pH conditions at room temperature. Macroscopically homogeneous membranes were obtained containing up to 66 wt.% of silica spheres, 20–30 nm diameter. Scanning electron micrographs clearly show the silica spheres attached to cellulose microfibrils. By removing the cellulose, the silica spheres can be easily recovered. The new hybrids are stable up to 300 °C and display a broad emission band under UV excitation assigned to oxygen-related defects at the silica particles surface. Emission color can be tuned by changing the excitation wavelength.
B_fracking_480x320.jpg Silica fibers showing bacteria-filled swellings. These porous silica fibers are swollen with bacterial cells that eat organic compounds found in oil. What are the bacteria cells?
Artificial cells evolve to structure semiconductors:
...."Traditional genetic engineering involves sticking a foreign gene into bacteria and using the bacteria as tiny factories to make the protein encoded by that gene. This approach wouldn’t work for all silica-forming proteins found in marine sponges. The minerals produced by these proteins, which the researchers want to study, can kill the cells.
So Daniel Morse, of the University of California, Santa Barbara, and his colleagues looked to another protein making strategy: synthetic cells with a tiny plastic bead nucleus surrounded by a bubble of oil that acts as a cell membrane.
The scientists attached a piece of DNA to each of the beads, encoding a unique silica-forming protein, or silicatein. This DNA is a random combination of genes from two related silicateins, interspersed with random mutations.
Then the scientists soaked the beads in watery mixture of the bacterial proteins necessary to turn the DNA into silicateins and covered each bead with a thin layer of oil, trapping water and the enzymes inside. With the artificial cell complete, the interior enzymes made the silicateins, which stuck to antibodies covering the bead’s surface."..............
tash: Hi skizit, I have watched all your videos on youtube and cant thank you enough for all you have educated me on. I cry for you alot and a bit for me. I was wanting to send you photos of what is raining down everyday here in Australia in hope you can tell me
Dec 11, 2019 23:28:22 GMT -5
tash: not sure where to send them as hush mail and rocket mail bounced back
Dec 11, 2019 23:30:03 GMT -5